- Creating a Manual Journal
- Manual Journal for Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable
- Manual Journal for Bank Accounts
In reality, journals are used by accountants to work directly with the general ledger to create both debit and credit entries for unique financial transactions. The journal entries are recorded in chronological order. The specialty journals are Sales Journals, Purchase Journals, Cash Disbursement Journal and Cash Receipt Journal.
In Zoho Books, manual journals can be used to record these unique financial transactions which cannot be recorded normally otherwise. E.g: Depreciation rates for a month cannot be recorded normally, in this case a manual journal for the depreciation rate can be recorded for the particular month.
Creating a Manual Journal
In the manual journal section, select the +New Journal button to create a new journal.
- Select the Date on which the adjustment needs to be made by creating a journal.
- Enter a Reference Number with which the journal will be associated.
- Notes are a mandatory field for a journal to be recorded. Mention the reason for creating a journal as it is always a unique reason.
- Check the Journal Type as Cash based Journal if your account adjustment has been done by cash transaction.
- Choose the currency in which you wish to make the journal entry.
- Select the Account from which the amount is debited and an account to which the amount is credited.
- Choose the contact whom you wish to associate to the journal entry.
- Enter the Debit and Credit amount that needs to be recorded.
P.S.: Make sure the amount debited is equal to the amount credited.
- Click Save.
Journals created can be edited by selecting the specific journal from the manual journal window.
Generally the Balance Sheet & Profit and Loss reports gets affected on recording manual journals. For more reports you can navigate to Reports > Accountant and view the General Ledger, Journal Report and Trial Balance.
Manual Journal for Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable
Manual Journal for Accounts Receivables will be classified under a separate Accounts Receivable account in Zoho Books.
Let’s assume that you are migrating to Zoho Books from another system that you are currently using. Considering that you have many unpaid invoices in that system, which need to be brought in here.
You can aggregate the total of all these receivables, and record them as an opening balance in the manual journal for Accounts Receivable.
Also, there may be certain cases, where you will need to record some transactions, which are not a part of your business sales. But these transactions may account to some receivables. For example, Outsourced services.
This is where the manual journal for AR comes into work. You can post an adjusting journal entry debiting AR and Crediting your Service account.
These are amounts that a company/organisation owe to a supplier, from whom they purchased goods & services on credit. You can record manual journal entries for accounts payable in the following cases :
1.When you purchased goods from your supplier, on credit. Or made payment using a credit card.
2.When a payment is made for a credit purchase made earlier
Also, there may be other scenarios where you cannot directly record a payable and will have to enter it manually, as a payable.
Note : The transactions made are taken on an Accrual Basis.
P.S.: Manual Journals can be recorded for accounts involving FCY (Foreign Currency) but not for Credit Cards & Banking modules.
If you are not sure about creating manual journals for your account adjustments, please take the help of your accountant or bookkeeper.
Invite your accountant or bookkeeper as a User in the organisation, so that they can take care of the journal entries. Learn more about inviting a user to the organisation
Navigate to Accountant module and go to the Manual Journal section.
|Date||The date for which the journal is created.|
|Journal #||The order of the journals created, it is based on chronological order.|
|Reference Number||Reference number that can be associated with the created journal.|
|Currency||The currency in which you wish to record the journal entry.|
|Amount||The amount for which the journal is credited and debited.|
|Notes||Any notes relating to the created journal.|
|Contact||Enter or select the customer (for accounts receivable) or vendor (for accounts payable) – This is a mandatory field.|
Manual Journal for Bank Accounts
You can create a manual journal using the bank accounts that you’ve added in the Banking module. After you create a manual journal, the recorded transaction will be listed as a Manually Added transaction in the respective bank accounts as a deposit or a withdrawal.
You can match the manually added bank transaction to an uncategorised transaction. To match:
- Go to the Uncategorised Transactions tab of the respective bank account in the Banking module.
- Select an uncategorised transaction.
- The best and possible matches are listed in the right pane which will contain the manually added transaction if the amount and date are same.
- Click Match on the respective transaction.
Learn more about matching and categorising transactions.
Note: It is not possible to create a manual journal using a bank account and Accounts Payable or Accounts Receivable.