Learn how the GSTR-1, GSTR-2 and GSTR-3 work

Last updated on 10 August, 2018

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Every registered taxpayer under GST who is not under a special scheme (like the composition scheme or an ISD registration) is required to file three tax statements each month called GSTR-1 (for sales), GSTR-2 (for purchases) and GSTR-3 (consolidated). While the GSTR-1 needs to be drafted by you, you can literally auto-generate your GSTR-2 and GSTR-3 using the data submitted by your vendors and customers on the GSTN. Here’s how it works:

GST returns data workflow

Sales return

  • You: File GSTR-1 between 1st and 10th of the following month. Your sales data from GSTR-1 will populate the GSTR-2A of your customer. 
  • Customer: 
    • If your sales records match with their purchase records, they can just accept their GSTR-2A and file GSTR-2 (for purchases). 
    • Mismatches can be corrected by them before they file GSTR-2 and whenever this happens, the GSTN sends you an alert.
  • You: Cross-verify changes made by your customer and file the GSTR-1A before 17th of the following month to make necessary corrections to your GSTR-1.

Purchase return

  • Vendor: Files GSTR-1 into the GSTN and this data populates your GSTR-2A form. 
  • You: Verify data on your GSTR-2A and make corrections, if needed before filing your purchase data in the form of GSTR-2 between 11th and 15th of the following month.

Consolidated return

  • You: Pay the tax you owe to the government based on your tax liability before filing GSTR-3 between 15th and 20th of the following month. Learn more about GST returns.

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