GST returns - types and due dates
As a business owner and a taxpayer, you must declare the income that you receive from carrying out business transactions in your GST return.
Latest updates as per the 45th GST Council meeting
- If Form GSTR-1 is filed late (post the due date), the late fee will be auto-populated and collected in the next open return in Form GSTR-3B.
- From January 1, 2022, taxpayers will not be permitted to file Form GSTR-1 if they have not filed Form GSTR-3B in the preceding month.
What is GST return?
GST return is a document that will contain all the details of your sales, purchases, tax collected on sales (output tax), and tax paid on purchases (input tax). Once you file GST returns, you will need to pay the resulting tax liability (money that you owe the government).
Who should file GST return?
All business owners and dealers who have registered under the GST system must file GST returns according to the nature of their business or transactions.
- Regular Businesses.
- Businesses registered under the Composition Scheme.
- Other types of business owners and dealers.
- Auto-drafted Returns.
- Tax Notice.
Types of GST returns
|GSTR1||Tax return for outward supplies made (contains the details of interstate as well as intrastate B2B and B2C sales including purchases under reverse charge and inter state stock transfers made during the tax period). If Form GSTR-1 is filed late (post the due date), the late fee will be auto-populated and collected in the next open return in Form GSTR-3B. From January 1, 2022, taxpayers will not be permitted to file Form GSTR-1 if they have not filed Form GSTR-3B in the preceding month.|
|GSTR3B||Temporary consolidated summary return of inward and outward supplies that the Government of India has introduced as a relaxation for businesses that have recently transitioned to GST. Hence, in the months of July and August 2017, the tax payments will be based on a simple return called the GSTR-3B instead.|
|GSTR9||Annual consolidated tax return (It contains the taxpayer’s income and expenditure in detail. These are then regrouped according to the monthly returns filed by the tax payer).|
|GSTR9C||Audit form that needs to be filed by every taxpayer who is liable to get their annual reports audited when their aggregate turnover exceeds Rs. 2 crores in a financial year.|
Businesses registered under the Composition Scheme
|GSTR4||Quarterly return for compounding vendors (It contains the total value of supply made during the period covered by the return, along with the details of the tax paid at the compounding rate (not more than 1% of aggregate turnover) for the period along with invoice-wise details for inward supplies if they are either imports or purchased from normal taxpayers).|
|GSTR9A||Annual composition return form that has to be filed by every taxpayer who is enrolled in the composition scheme.|
Other types of business owners and dealers
|GSTR5||Variable return for Non-resident foreign taxpayers (It contains the details of the taxpayer, period of return and invoice details of all goods and services sold and purchased (this also includes imports) by the tax payer on Indian soil for the registered period/month).|
|GSTR6||Monthly return for ISDs (This return contains the details of the taxpayer’s basic information (name, GSTIN, etc), period to which the return pertains, invoice-level supply details from the GSTR-1 of counter-parties, invoice details, including the GSTIN of the taxpayer receiving the credit, separate ISD ledger containing the opening ITC balance for the period, credit for ITC services received, debit for ITC reversed or distributed, and closing balance).|
|GSTR7||Monthly return for TDS transactions (This return contains the taxpayer’s basic information (name, GSTIN, etc), period to which the return pertains, supplier’s GSTIN, invoices against which the tax has been deducted (categorized under the major tax heads - SGST, CGST, and IGST), and details of any other payments such as interests and penalties).|
|GSTR8||Monthly return for ecommerce operators (It contains the taxpayer’s basic information (name, GSTIN, etc), the period to which the return pertains, details of supplies made to customers through the e-commerce portal by both registered taxable persons and unregistered persons, customers’ basic information (whether or not they are registered taxpayers), the amount of tax collected at source, tax payable, and tax paid).|
|GSTR9B||Annual return form that has to be filed by ecommerce operators who collect tax at the source.|
|GSTR10||Final GST return before cancelling GST registration (This final return is to be filed when terminating business activities permanently/cancelling GST registration. It will contain the details of all supplies, liabilities, tax collected, tax payable, etc).|
|GSTR11||Variable tax return for taxpayers with UIN (It contains the details of purchases made by foreign embassies and diplomatic missions for self consumption during a particular month).|
|GSTR2A||An auto drafted tax return for purchases and inward supplies made by a taxpayer that is automatically compiled by the GSTN based on the information present within the GSTR-1 of his/her suppliers.|
|GSTR2B||GSTR 2B is an auto-drafted document that will act as an Input Tax Credit (ITC) statement for taxpayers. The GST Council states that GSTR 2B will help in cutting down the time taken to file returns, minimise errors, ease reconciliation and simplify compliance.|
|GSTR4A||Quarterly purchase-related tax return for composition dealers. It’s automatically generated by the GSTN portal based on the information furnished in the GSTR-1, GSTR-5, and GSTR-7 of your suppliers.|
|GSTR3A||Tax notice issued by the tax authority to a defaulter who has failed to file monthly GST returns on time.|