GDPR and Zoho Creator
This article covers what EU's GDPR is about, as well as the features and capabilities of Zoho Creator that can help you build GDPR compliant custom apps.
Table of Contents
The European Union (EU)'s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a new regulation that comes into effect on the 25th of May, 2018. It aims to harmonize the data privacy laws across the EU, and (in particular) protect the rights of residents of the EU with regard to the processing of their personal data. It recognizes the data privacy rights of EU residents, and lays down rules relating to the processing of their personal data.At its core, the GDPR aims to give EU residents full control over their personal data.
- A deterrent, so that Data Controllers and Data Processors act responsibly, and adhere to GDPR's guidelines
- A compensation for the persons who have suffered material or non-material damage as a result of an infringement of GDPR
- Data Subject: A resident of the EU from whom, or about whom, data is collected and/or processed
- Data Controller: The person or organization that defines the purpose and means of collecting and processing data
- Data Processor: The person or organization that processes the collected data on behalf of the Data Controller
In this context, the following two scenarios come into play:
- When you sign up with Zoho and subscribe to Zoho Creator:
- You act as the Data Subject
- Zoho acts as the Data Controller
- When you use Zoho Creator to build an app:
- The natural persons that you collect data about (the users that you share your app with, for instance) act as the Data Subjects for that app
- You act as the Data Controller for all the apps in your workspace
- Zoho acts as the Data Processor
Addressing rights of Data SubjectsThe following are the Data Subject Rights that GDPR identifies, and how Zoho Creator helps you address them in your apps:
- Right to be informed: Add an add notes field to your form
- Right to access, right to erasure, and right to be forgotten: You need to forward the requests you receive from your users to firstname.lastname@example.org. Our Support team will analyze the request and guide you on how to act on it.
- With their right to access, the Data Subject can demand Data Controllers to furnish the following: the personal data (of the Data Subject) that was collected and processed, how it was obtained, how it is processed, and to whom it was shared with — all the details from point of collection to point of storage
- With their right to erasure, the Data Subject can demand that Data Controllers erase all their personal data
- With their right to be forgotten, the Data Subject can demand for their data to be completely erased
- Right to rectify: Users can edit their records by accessing the respective reports
- The Data Subject has a right to obtain from the Data Controllers, without undue delay, the rectification of inaccurate personal data concerning them, and also complete any incomplete data point.
- Right to object to processing of their personal data: Add a decision box to your form
- Use separate decision box fields to capture the Data Subject's consent to process their personal data, and define your workflows such that these permissions are checked for before they are processed. To give or take away their permission, the Data Subject can simply update the relevant decision box field accordingly.
- Right to data portability: Data submitted by your users can be exported as spreadsheets and PDFs
- The Data Subject has a right to receive all their personal data, submitted to the Data Controller. To do this, users can simply export their records from reports
Implement some best practicesYou can leverage the features and capabilities of Zoho Creator to implement the following in your apps:
- Denote fields that contain personal data: The Contains personal data field property helps you define if the concerned field is one in which your users will be entering some personal data.
- Encrypt data: Upon enabling this field property, the data your users enter in that field will be stored in an encrypted format. Lean more
- Capture location: Forms in your Zoho Creator app can, with your user's consent, capture the geographical location from where they submit their entries. Learn more
- Capture IP address: Forms in your Zoho Creator app can capture the public IP address using which your users submit their entries. Learn more
- Getting consent: Data Subjects have a right to be informed on why your app, or a form in your app, is collecting data, and how it will be processed. Also, as a Data Controller, you may need to show if your users gave their consent for this. Here's how you do it:
- If consent is required along with the data a form is already collecting, then add an add notes field (which will display information on why you need to collect certain data points, and how you will process them), and a decision box field (marked mandatory) that lets your users give their consent
- If consent is required on the app level, add a new form and use the combination of add notes and decision box fields as given above
- To let your users know what they consented to, you can send them an email saying they've given their consent (and copy-paste the add notes field's content in the email's message)
- Provision a double opt-in mechanism for your form or app: Double opt-in is a widely used mechanism to get the intended audience to confirm before proceeding. You can put in place a double opt-in before you let your users access any form in your app. Here's how you do it:
- Add a new form to your app, which contains an add notes field (where you can add whatever information you want your users to know), an email field (to which you'll send an email) and a decision box field (to capture if user yours consent to receiving an email)
- The email you send on form submission must contain the link to your intended form