Customizing a Pivot Table
- Customizing the Pivot Table Appearance
- Applying Themes
- Show Missing Values
- Formatting options
- Show Total As
- Sorting a Pivot Table
- Conditional formatting
When designing a Pivot Table, Zoho Analytics offers a wide range of options to customize it and improve the overall appearance in different ways. In this section we will discuss about various options provided by Zoho Analytics to customize a Pivot Table that you create.
Zoho Analytics allows you to customize the look and feel of your Pivot Table. Zoho Analytics offers options to both customize the elements inside the Pivot (hide row numbers, wrap text in header etc) as well as enhance the complete look and feel of the Pivot Table by applying Themes.
To customize the appearance of the Pivot, follow the steps given below:
- Open the Pivot Table you would like to customize.
- Select Settings option in the toolbar. This will open up Settings dialog box. You will notice that this dialog contains two tabs - General and Format
- In the General Tab, specify the title and description in the corresponding fields.
- Under the Layout & Display section, you can choose to display the index number for the rows by selecting Hide row numbers check box. By default, this will not be selected.
- In case you wish to repeat the group label for each row, check the Repeat group label value in each row checkbox.
- You can uniformly resize the columns by selecting the Set default column width to checkbox and then specify the required width in pixel in the provided field.
- You could also choose to apply this new width to the already resized columns using the Apply to manually resized columns check box.
- Null or empty value present in the underlying data of the pivot will be displayed as -No Value- by default. You can specify an alternate value that could be displayed instead of this in the Display 'Unknown' value as field.
- Click Apply.
Zoho Analytics allows you to choose one of two layout options for your pivot tables. To customize these layout options, click the Settings icon on the top right corner of your pivot table, and navigate to the Layout tab. To learn more about the layout options, click here.
The following modification can be made to the Tabular layout.
Repeat group level value in each row: Select this option to display the group label for every row listed in your pivot table.
The following modification can be made to the Compact layout.
Indent Level: You can change the indent level of the data displayed in the compact Row Labels column, that groups and displays the values dropped in the Row shelf. By default, indent level 1 will be applied.
The following modifications can be made to the way data is displayed in the pivot table.
Hide row numbers: Select this to hide the row numbers displayed in the pivot table.
Wrap text in Column headings: Select this option to wrap column headers in the pivot table and display them in multiple lines within the same cell.
Set default column width to: Enter the column width in pixels that is to applied across all columns in the pivot table. To apply this width to manually resized columns in the pixel, select the Apply to manually resized column checkbox that appears.
Display 'Unknown' value as: Specify the value that needs to be displayed when the underlying data in the pivot contains empty values. By default, -No Value- will be displayed.
Zoho Analytics allows you to customize the look and feel of your Pivot table using colorful and attractive themes. You can customize your Pivot Table using the options provided to suit your taste. Please do note that this option is available only as a part of the new charting library that was released recently.
Watch the below video or read the below steps to learn about changing the Pivot Theme
- Open the Pivot Table
- Click the Themes button. The Themes dialog will open as shown below.
- You can select an appropriate theme to suit your needs and customize it using the options available. The Themes dialog allows you to select the,
- Theme Layout: You can choose a layout from the available set of seven layouts.
- Theme Color: Select a color that you wish to apply.
- Font: Select the font for the text in your Pivot.
- Zoom: You can Zoom in or Zoom out. This will increase or decrease the size of your Pivot Table.
- Row spacing: You can alter the row spacing using the predefined options available.
- As you choose the themes, the changes will be dynamically applied in the background.
- If you wish to undo the changes click Reset.
- If you want to reset the theme to the default theme click the Reset to default option.
- Save the Pivot Table.
Show missing values feature is used to display the in-between missing values in a Pivot. This can be applied on a Date or a Category column. When creating a Pivot, if a particular data point does not have any value, then the Pivot would skip displaying that data. With this option, you can choose to display the record even if a point does not contain a value.
Let us say that you are the manager of a team and would like to view your employee`s attendance details every week. In case an employee is not available for a particular day, his data will not be available for that day. Our database looks as shown below.
Lets now create a pivot as shown in the below snapshot to view the number of employees present in the given week. To do that, drag and drop the Date and Employee Name column in the Rows shelf and Clock-in hours column in the Data shelf.
This Pivot does not contain any record of the employees who were not available (absent). To view the name of the employees who were not available for a particular day, you can enable show missing value function for the Employee Name column.
You can either right click on the column name and choose Show Missing Values or click Settings option on the toolbar.
In the settings tab that appears, Under the Show Missing Values section, click Choose Columns link next to For columns in the "Rows" shelf. You can choose the columns for which you wish to show the missing values.
The Pivot that is generated now, will contain the data of the employees who were absent.
In case you wish to view the details of the employees based on their location, we will be making a small change in the existing pivot. Drag and drop the Location column under the Rows shelf.
Our Pivot will look as shown in the below snapshot. If you take a closer look, you will notice that this might not be the best way to display the data as it displays the name of all employees across all locations.
In this case, you can choose to apply hierarchy function while listing missing values.
- Click Settings in the tool bar and in the Settings tab that appears, click Choose Columns link next to For columns in the "Rows" shelf (Under Show Missing Values).
- Select the column (in our case Location)
- Check Apply hierarchy while listing missing values
- Click Apply
The Pivot will now look as shown below.
To format the columns in the Pivot, follow the steps below:
- Open the Pivot Table you would like to customize.
- Select Settings option in the toolbar. This will open up Settings dialog box. You will notice that this dialog contains two tabs - General and Format.
- In the Format tab, you can change the display Labels for the columns as needed.
- You can set the display format of each column clicking the Format link. The options in the Format column dialog will vary depending on the data type of the column. These options will be similar to that of the table column formatting. For more details refer here.
- Click OK. The Pivot Table will be customized based on the settings provided.
By default, subtotals of individual rows and columns, and the grand total of all the rows and columns will be displayed in the Pivot table. You can choose to change the position of these totals, or turn them off. You can choose to hide specific columns in a pivot table, and display only the required columns.
When you create a pivot table, every column will be displayed automatically. However, you can choose to hide certain columns and display only the rest as required. Follow the steps below to do this:
Open the required pivot table, click the Show/Hide option in the toolbar and select Columns.
The Show/Hide Columns popup appears, listing all the columns in the pivot table. Select the columns you wish to hide, and click OK.
You can also right click a particular cell, and select the Show/Hide Columns option. The following options are available:
Hide column-name: This option allows you to hide the selected column.
Hide all column-name: This option is applicable only when repetitive columns are present in the pivot table, and allows you to hide all columns with the same name.
More: Select this option to access the Show/Hide Columns screen, which displays every column in the pivot view.
Follow the steps below to customize the subtotals and the grand totals in your Pivot table.
Click the Edit Design button in the Pivot Table.
Click the Show/Hide Totals button in the toolbar. You can also right click a column and choose the More... option under the Show/Hide Totals option.
The Show/Hide Totals dialog appears.
The Subtotal and Grand total sections list the following options to customize the row and column subtotals and grand totals.
Rows: Select Right or Left to display the subtotal in the corresponding position. You can also choose to hide the row subtotal by selecting Hide.
Columns: Select Bottom or Top to display the subtotal in the corresponding position. You can also choose to hide the column subtotal by selecting Hide.
In Zoho Analytics, by default, the summary function used to display the subtotals and the grand total will be the same as that of the summary function applied to the corresponding data column. You can customize this and apply other summary functions such as sum, average, min and max on the sub-total that is displayed.
To change this,
- Right-click anywhere on the Pivot table
- Select Show Total As and then, select the function that you wish to apply.
In our example, we have applied the average function. Shown below is the Pivot with the Average function applied to the Subtotal and Grand Total.
Please do note that the Show Total As feature is customizable for each data column.
In Zoho Analytics, by default, a pivot table data will be sorted in ascending order by the values of the columns from the source table that you assign to Row orientation in a Pivot Table. Zoho Analytics allows you to change this default sort order in lot of different ways. Below is a brief description of various ways to sort a Pivot Table.
Sorting a Pivot column by its values (by the values of the columns in Row shelf): This option allows you to sort Pivot Table column data in ascending or descending order by its actual values.
To sort a pivot table by its column values:
- Right-click the column header or on any cell of the corresponding pivot table column whose values has to be sorted.
- In the pop-up menu, select the required sort order and then By Column (column specific) option.
For example if a pivot table has Product category and Productcolumns in Row shelf (Row Orientation), initially the Product Categories and Products will be ordered alphabetically in ascending order. When corresponding columns are sorted in descending order as described above, Pivot data will be rearranged as shown in the screen shots below.
Sorting a Pivot Table column by its corresponding data values(by values of the column in Data shelf): This option allows you to sort Pivot Table columns based on data values corresponding to each pivot column value.
To sort a pivot table based on its data values:
- Right-click the data value column header or on any data value cell corresponding to a Pivot Table column value.
- In the pop up menu, select the required sort order and then select the column based on which you want to sort data values as shown below.
In the above example, when you right click Central region and select Sort Descending -> By Product Category, Sales values in Central region corresponding to Product Category column will be sorted in descending order as shown below.
When you select Sort Descending -> By Product, Sales values in Central region corresponding to Product column will be sorted in descending order as shown below.
Sorting Pivot Table columns by its corresponding summary values: This option allows you to sort Pivot Table columns based on summary values corresponding to pivot column values.
To sort a pivot table based on its summary values:
- Right-click the summary column's header.
- In the pop up menu, select the required sort order and then select the column based on which you want to sort summary values as shown below.
When you right click Summary Column and select Sort Descending -> By Product Category, Sales values in Summary column corresponding to Product Category column will be sorted in descending order as shown below.
When you select Sort Descending -> By Product, Sales values in Summary column corresponding to Product column will be sorted in descending order as shown below.
You can also sort rows by column values by clicking on the arrow icon() at the heading of the corresponding column. A down arrow indicates that the column is sorted in ascending order. An up arrow indicates the column is sorted in descending order.
You can highlight various cells in a pivot table based on specific conditions using the Conditional Formatting feature. This option allows you to apply different styles and colors, to categorize the data in your pivot table for easier analysis.
Follow the below steps to apply conditional formatting to your pivot table:
Right-click on the data you wish to format in your pivot table, and select the Conditional Formatting option.
In the popup that appears, select the required condition from the Condition drop down. The available conditions vary based on the type of data that is being formatted.
Enter the threshold value in the Value section. Every data cell that meets this condition will be highlighted.
Select the required font and background color using the icons under the Format Options section.
You can format your cell further by clicking the Additional Formatting Options icon under the Format Options section. Note: The Icons options is currently supported only for Numeric values.
If you wish to modify the data, rows and columns over which the conditional formatting should be applied, click the Edit link. To add more conditions, click the +Add Condition link. The specified conditions will be evaluated from top to bottom, and appropriate formatting options will be applied over the data cells that meet the condition.
Click OK to apply the specified formatting over the pivot table.
You can also view and modify the conditional formats applied over the pivot view, from the Conditional Format tab of the chart's Settings page. Click the required data to view the corresponding conditional formats applied over it. Modify the conditions as required, and click Apply.